Forensic Science

[td_block_text_with_title custom_title=”SUMMARY” header_color=”#e88f1b” separator=”” tdc_css=””]Forensic science, a crucial element of the modern day judicial system, applies scientific principles to crime investigation. Forensic scientists utilize modern technology and knowledge from a variety of disciplines to analyze crime scene data, and convert it into legally acceptable evidence. Forensic science is not limited to just crime scenes, but encompasses all aspects of the judicial system.[/td_block_text_with_title][td_block_text_with_title custom_title=”WHAT ALL CAN I DO?” header_color=”#e88f1b”][/td_block_text_with_title]

Crime Scene Investigation

Crime scene investigation deals with the collection and examination of evidence. Crime scene investigators work on issues such as collection of evidence, prevention of contamination, interpretation of evidence and possible reconstruction of the event.

Wildlife Forensic Specialist

Wildlife forensic specialists are involved with crimes that involve animals, including the illegal distribution of animals and animal products.

Forensic Toxicologist

Forensic toxicology is a field involving the identification and revelation of illegal drugs and poisons. Toxicologists work to interpret the toxicity levels of drugs and their effects on bodily functions.

Forensic Psychology/ Psychiatry

Forensic psychiatrists and psychologists assess the mental state of an alleged perpetrator, to determine whether a person is mentally fit to stand trial. They may be called on in front of a court to evaluate the psychological profile of the perpetrator.

Forensic Linguist

Forensic linguists work to identify the identity and nature of the speaker by analyzing the contents of written and oral communication. They also determine whether two communications are from the same person or not.

Forensic Pathology/ Medicine

Forensic pathologists determine the time and cause of death in cases of suspected murders or suicide. This involves post mortem examinations of deaths reported to determine the cause and the manner of death. (i.e. sudden and unexpected deaths or deaths due to accident or injury, suicide or homicide)

Forensic Serology Experts

Serology is a field concerned with the study of blood serum. Serologists analyze blood and blood groups, and other bodily fluids to conduct DNA fingerprinting and arrive at a conclusion.

Forensic Odontologist

Odontology is a branch of dentistry dealing with the collection, assessment and evaluation of dental evidence. Odontologists identify bodies and skeletal remains through dental records, interpret bite marks, and reconstruct faces from skulls.

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Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science stream Pursue graduation in any science-related field or B.Sc. Forensic Sciences for 3 years Pursue M.Sc. Forensic Sciences for 2 years Pursue Ph.D for 3-4 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science stream Pursue graduation in any science-related field or B.Sc. Forensic Sciences for 3 years Pursue Post-Graduate Diploma in Forensic Sciences for 1-2 years
Path 3
Clear Class XII in Science Stream Pursue MBBS for 4 years Pursue MD Forensic Medicine for 2 years

Important Facts

  • Most college have an eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII with Science Stream.
  • B.Sc./ M.Sc. Forensic Science is available as a course only in select colleges, with specialization in different fields.
  • For MBBS and Forensic Medicine, it is mandatory to have PCB in XIIth.

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  • Analyze samples, such as hair, body fluids, glass, paint and drugs, in the laboratory
  • Apply innovative techniques such as gas and high performance liquid chromatography, scanning electron microscopy, mass spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy and genetic fingerprinting
  • Sift and sort evidence, often held in miniscule quantities
  • Attend to and examine scenes of crime
  • Record, find and collect trace evidences from scene of crimes or accidents
  • Present results of work in written form or by giving oral evidence
  • Defend findings under cross-examination in Courts of law
  • Liaise with team members as well as coordinate with outside agencies and offer expert advice
  • Liaise with police to establish forensic strategies, write detailed reports for courts


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