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School counselors are counselors who work with school students of different ages to help with matters related to their education, such as academic achievement, career selection, personal, social and career development, college readiness, etc.
Career counselors help individuals with career choice and development, taking into consideration factors such as interest, personality, and aptitude. They generally focus on issues such as career exploration, career change, personal career development and other career-related issues.
Psychological counselors are professionals who help people gain control of their feelings and emotions. These professionals focus on treating individuals with a variety of different emotional, behavioral, and social problems related to daily life and adjustment.
Marriage and Family Counselor
Marriage and family counselors are licensed therapists who help people resolve and deal with issues related to family and married life. They work with couples and families to resolve issues that arise in a relationship, such as domestic violence, jealousy and infidelity, and those that affect families such as child misbehavior, parent-child relationship, temper outbursts etc.
Child/Adolescent counselors provide support and counseling to childrean and adolescents with behavioral, emotional and social issues. They also deal with children with developmental disorders, anxiety, personality disorders, sleep or eating disorders, etc.
Forensic Counselors deal with sensitive issues in relation to rape, child abuse, violence and other criminal activites. They also counsel criminals to make their behaviour normal and socially acceptable.
Substance Abuse Counselor
Subtance abuse counselors help people overcome their dependencies on substances such as alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Such professionals help people deal with the mental, social and emotional effects of subtances, and make systemic changes to overcome these habits.
|Stream||Graduation||After Graduation||After Post Graduation|
|Clear 12th standard in any stream with/without Psychology||Pursue B. A.(H) Psychology/Applied Psychology or for 3 years||Pursue Masters in Psychology/Applied Psychology/Counselling Psychology for 2 years||Pursue PG Diploma in Counseling and Guidance|
|Clear 12th standard in Any Stream with/without Psychology||Pursue B. A.(H) Psychology/Applied Psychology or for 3 years||Pursue Masters in Psychology/Applied Psychology/Counselling Psychology for 2 years||Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years in the same discipline|
|Clear 12th standard in Any Stream with/without Psychology||Pursue B. A.(H) Psychology/Applied Psychology or for 3 years||Pursue PG Diploma in Counseling and Guidance||–|
- Most colleges have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII / and some of minimum 60%. Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit
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- Establish a relationship of trust and respect with clients
- Encourage clients to talk about issues they feel they cannot normally share with others
- Actively listen to client concerns and empathize with their position
- Accept without bias the issues raised by clients
- Help clients in deeper understanding of their concerns
- Challenge any inconsistencies in what clients say or do
- Help clients to take decisions and choices regarding possible ways forward
- Refer clients to other sources of help, as appropriate
- Attend supervision and training courses
- Undertake personal therapy (mandatory for accreditation)